types of alcohol

Maraschino liqueur is a clear, cherry-flavored liqueur used in many classic cocktails. See Guide to Maraschino Liqueur and Top Maraschino Cocktails. Hpnotiq (pronounced “Hypnotic”) is a sky blue liqueur flavored with passionfruit and mango, invented in alcohol and bipolar disorder 2001. Kahlua is a popular coffee liqueur made in Veracruz, Mexico with rum, sugar, vanilla bean, and coffee. Other top coffee liqueur brands include Tia Maria and Sheridan’s. See Quick Guide to Kahlua, Quick Guide to Tia Maria, and Top Kahlua Drinks.

types of alcohol

One serving of ale typically has 3-3.5% ABV, with some special ales going up to 12% ABV. One serving of pale lager (like a Pilsner) typically has 4–6% ABV and around 150 calories. Red wine is made by crushing dark-colored grapes and allowing them to ferment. The skins are left on the grape to help influence the deep color and taste of the wine.

The two main categories of distilled beverages are spirits and liqueurs. While the others are common on restaurant menus, fortified wines aren’t the kinds of wine you’d make sangria with. Likewise, while the alcohol concentrations listed are considered typical, there is significant variability in alcohol content within each alcoholic beverage. Rice wine is an alcoholic drink fermented and possibly distilled from rice, consumed in East Asia, Southeast Asia and South Asia. Sake, huangjiu, mijiu, and cheongju are popular examples of East Asian rice wine.

Coconut rum is considered a coconut liqueur, because of the added sugar and low alcohol level. There are different types of alcohol, each with different effects. For example, hard liquor like vodka or whiskey can make people feel more aggressive, whereas wine is typically thought of as being more relaxing. Beer is often seen as a social drink, and it can indeed make people feel more outgoing and chatty. However, it can also cause people to become full and bloated. Tequila consists of distilled, fermented blue agave (a plant native to Mexico).

Get help for alcoholism today.

It’s commonly used as a disinfectant, made through a hydration reaction or hydrogenating acetone. This type of alcohol is beloved for its effect on the central nervous system as it works by reducing anxiety and stress, albeit temporarily. Impressively, methanol is also used as a base reactant to make compounds like methane, formaldehyde, and acetone. These methanol byproducts are often used to manufacture a wide range of products, from plastics to even explosives. Also referred to as rubbing alcohol, isopropyl alcohol is mainly used for sterilization.

  1. Other kinds of spirits, such as whiskey, (or whisky) are distilled to a lower alcohol percentage to preserve the flavor of the mash.
  2. We will take a look at what alcohol actually is, how it is made, and explore all of the different categories.
  3. Ethanol (or ethyl alcohol) is the type of alcohol that over two billion people drink every day.
  4. Rum became popular in the 18th century as travelers explored coastal shores.
  5. Therefore, the skins of the red wine grapes are left on during the fermentation process.

During fermentation, the yeast gathers at the bottom of a tank for a few months before being ready to enjoy. A shot of absinthe, for example, is 45–74% alcohol and contains about 153 calories. Some spirits are created and manufactured in East Asia using a different process. Many of the ABV and calorie ranges below are based on data from Drinkaware, an independent charity that aims to reduce alcohol-related harm.

Distilled Drinks

Most rums have around 40% ABV and contain about 97 calories. The proof of any liquor can be found by doubling the percentage of the ABV.

We use the other two types of alcohol for cleaning and manufacturing, not for making drinks. For example, methanol (or methyl alcohol) is a component in fuel for cars and boats. It’s also used to manufacture antifreeze, paint remover, windshield wiper fluid, and many other products.

You’ll also want to get to know the different cocktail mixers, as they go hand-in-hand with the different types of booze. And it’s a good idea to track how old your liquor bottles are and to store alcohol properly, too. And while isopropanol works well in disinfecting surfaces and equipment, it is unsafe for drinking and can prove fatal if consumed in large amounts. There are people who can help you with the struggle you’re facing. Now that we’ve established there are three types of alcohol, let’s take a quick look at each.

Alcohol and health

A shot of tequila typically has 40–55% ABV and contains about 97 calories. When stocking your liquor cabinet at home or ordering at a restaurant or bar, there are so many choices. This quick guide to the world of spirits and the different types of alcohol is here to help. Although the standard drink amounts are useful for following health guidelines, they don’t always reflect the same serving sizes.

Gin is typically made from wheat, grain, or barley that’s fermented and distilled. Juniper berries are used to give the liquor its predominant flavor. Alcohol by volume (ABV) refers to the number of millimeters (mL) of pure ethanol in every 100 mL or 3.4 ounces (oz) of fluid (fl). Base liquors are distilled and have a higher ABV than undistilled drinks. Alcoholic beverages are made by fermenting different types of grains, fruits, and vegetables.

So a few distillations are necessary to bring it to even 95%. Brewers do this by separating the alcohol from the water through evaporation and condensation. Because of this potential danger, alcohol is heavily regulated around the world, and it is why as a bartender, it is necessary to be responsible when serving it. Throughout this article, we will explore alcohol from a bartender’s perspective. We will take a look at what alcohol actually is, how it is made, and explore all of the different categories.

Beer and wine may also be flavored before fermentation, and spirits may be flavored before, during, or after distillation. Sometimes flavor is obtained by allowing the beverage to stand for months or years in oak barrels, usually made of American or French oak. A few brands of spirits may also have addiction as a brain disease revised fruit or herbs inserted into the bottle at the time of bottling. Alcopops are spirits and mixers in a can or bottle and considered easy flavored alcoholic beverages. They’re a combination of a distilled spirit and some type of soft drink (soda, fruit juice, milk, etc.) to dilute their strength.

Freeze distillation concentrates ethanol along with methanol and fusel alcohols (fermentation by-products partially removed by distillation) in applejack. Undistilled or fermented alcohol only goes through the fermentation process and is not clarified or refined in any way. There are hundreds of types of undistilled alcoholic drinks but the most popular ones are beer, wine, and cider. They mainly differ in the crop or fruit used as the base and the variety of yeast used for fermentation. Slight differences in the soil composition or weather in the area of production can also cause changes in the drinks’ flavors. Fermented beverages do not exceed 15% alcohol by volume unless they have been modified externally.

Difference Between Ethyl, Isopropyl, and Methyl Alcohol

Spices and herbs are also commonly added to give them certain flavors. As soon as the alcohol percentage of a brew hits around 15%, fermentation is no longer possible. There is either no more sugar left in the brew to ferment or the yeast itself has died alcohol use and cancer american cancer society due to the alcohol content being too high. Therefore, brewers need to distill the base liquid to create a cleaner and more concentrated beverage. Isopropyl alcohol, or isopropanol, is made from propylene gas and has strong disinfecting properties.